Guest post by Hari Sripathi
Vehicle electrification has been a largely supply-driven innovation. There was no overarching customer desire it addressed beyond climate change. Rather, early adopters got on board as a response to celebrity endorsements from Elon Musk and the subsequent launch of Tesla. The rest continued to suffer from range and charge anxiety.
Electrification has since struggled with a chicken-and egg-problem. Customers would not take to it en masse in the absence of adequate charger density. And fuel companies did not want to build a network of charging stations unless customers were already there.
Brooklyn-based Revel has an interesting take on the problem that is truly commendable for an early-stage transportation startup.
What is Revel?
At its core, Revel is a network of charging stations situated in high-traffic urban areas. Its true value is its multimodal mobility ecosystem around it, with each method of transportation leveraging the other and drawing more customers into their charging infrastructure.
Users of Revel can rent electric mopeds and e-bikes or hail Teslas, all of which are owned by the company, through a single app. Revel is operational in three of New York City’s boroughs – Manhattan, Brooklyn, and Queens – as well as in Miami, Washington, D.C., and the San Francisco Bay area.
The e-bike offers a flexible rental service with maintenance included. It is delivered and picked up from customer doorsteps, making it highly convenient, easing adoption.
A high density of mopeds is maintained in high traffic areas. The mopeds are small enough to fit in between parked cars, thus minimally impacting traffic congestion. Customers can rent one way within the geofenced region, leaving the moped in any legal parking spot near their destination. They are charged for use by the minute, ensuring it is more affordable than comparable taxi rides.
With scale, mopeds circulate freely within a region. There are no subscription fees. Ease of adoption is enhanced with a digitally enabled license registration and identity verification process. With a few uploads of my driver’s license and a selfie, I was set to ride.
The Tesla-only ride hail provides a luxury option to eco-conscious travelers. The cars are clean, new, company-owned, and strategically priced cheaper than an Uber to increase adoption. The drivers are full-time employees with benefits, addressing a core criticism of the supposed exploitation of gig workers.
How it works
Each of Revel’s offerings serves a unique occasion, collectively broadening the appeal of electrification. Revel’s e-bike subscription serves for a morning spin around the block, particularly targeted at leisure riders or delivery workers. Its Tesla-only ride hail suits a busy professional’s 20-mile ride to the airport or a trip downtown on a Saturday evening. In between, the electric moped comes in handy when dropping off that package at the post office a couple of miles away or for the gig worker zipping through the city with frequent stops.
Throughout, the customer never interacts with the actual charging infrastructure but instead is getting habituated to the cleaner, more flexible, and possibly cheaper riding experience delivered by the electric vehicle.
The bike and moped journeys capture most commonly trafficked routes, insights on parking regulations and driver behaviors including unsafe driving. The onboarding process captures customer identities and driver licenses.
Meanwhile the connected Tesla feeds insights on high-frequency pickup and drop-off spots which help ascertain high-traffic areas to park the next moped. All the while, the very sight of the distinctive bright blue vehicles zipping through the streets is free marketing, expanding the customer base.
Promise and challenges
The manufacturer-agnostic charging network is largely hidden from the customer. However, it can easily be monetized by opening it up as service stations to the public (Revel does have one publicly accessible universal fast-charging Superhub in Bed-Stuy, Brooklyn). Revel’s true genius lies in unobtrusively creating customer adoption through its convenient transport options while achieving economies of scale — while building the operating infrastructure that underpins the electric vehicle industry.
To be clear, Revel has shortcomings as all startups do. Maintenance and cleaning, particularly for its moped fleet, is likely underestimated. Excellent customer service will be critical to build given the promise of best convenience. Given the reliance on full-time employees, the margins are likely a lot worse than Uber.
These problems will not go away with scale. But Revel is fairly young, with its electric mopeds in NYC launching in 2018. The all-electric rideshare service launched in August 2021. Given what they have already achieved, I have high confidence in their leadership to figure it out.
By creating a vertically integrated EV system, Revel has a unique ability to drive the customer experience, and hence adoption of electrification. By the by, they have come up with the first truly “Internet of Things” flywheel. This is likely the biggest innovation in business models since the ecommerce wheel popularized by Amazon. That, to me, is their biggest accomplishment.
Image courtesy of Revel.
About Hari Sripathi
Hari Sripathi is a leading thinker on global expansion and how companies need to adapt very foundational principles to win in new markets. He primarily focuses on breakthrough technological innovation in the food and mobility sectors. He runs a strategy boutique, Mad Hatter Consulting, to help early-stage companies find product market fit. He spent his early years in strategy consulting at Booz and Company and had strategy leadership roles at PepsiCo and Avis Car Rental. He can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org.